Ying Yang

Taekwondo Information

Tae kwon do forms, patterns, tul, hyung and poomse

WTF tae kwon do forms

The Palgwe series is a set of eight tae kwon do forms that are taught at the colored belt level. You will be introduced to a new form for each new colored belt you earn.

The forms are numbered 1-8 followed by jang which in this context means chapter.

Taken togther, the Palgwe forms are a complete set with eight chapters, like a book.
The Palgwe forms attempt to embody the eight trigrams from I-Ching.

The Palgwe book gives the student a complete introduction to philosophy and techniques of tae kwon do in preparation for black belt.

My friend Ruth at purple arts took all the Palgwe photos for me. Check out her great site at www.purplearts.com

Illustrated Tae kwon do Forms : Palgwe

um yang Taegeuk attempt to embody the principal of um-yang, the Korean equivelant of yin-yang.

These forms are also numbered 1-8 and are used to teach a variety of tae kwon do techniques. The forms become progressively more complicated as the progress from 1 to 8.

The WTF now uses the Tae geuk forms in World Tae kwon do Poomse Competition.

goFrom Tae kwon do forms to the I Ching Trigrams

Illustrated TKD Forms : Tae geuk

One thousand days to learn; ten thousand days to refine.
Japanese proverb

Some forms in the Tang Soo Do style are the Pyang Ahn poomse.

taekwondo class
Pyang+Ahn translates as calm or peaceful+confidant. There are 5 beginner Pyang Ahn forms.

The Pyang Ahn forms were used prior to 1967 when most kwans adopted the Palgwe forms for colored belt curriculum.

I personally like them very much. They are different from the Palgwe and Taegeuk and are quite beautiful.

Tae kwon do form video :
Pyang Ahn

Another set of black belt forms are the Nai han chi (which I have also heard pronounced nai bo chin) My school which is not specifically a Tang Soo Do school, teaches these forms to black belts to further their education in taekwondo techniques.

There are 3 nai han chi taekwondo forms that we perform as a trilogy once they are all mastered.

Tae kwon do form video : Nai Han Chi

ITF tae kwon do patterns

tae kwon do ax kick
ITF patterns differ from the two types of basic WTF colored belt patterns.

The Palgwe poomse are long fluid deliveries with many long stances while your head strives to stay level at all times.

Tae geuk patterns are shorter, sharper more compact deliveries intended to be more modern.

Down blocks leave the fist aligned with the groin while palgwe down blocks leave the fist aligned with the thigh.

ITF traditional hyung are noticably different. They are characterized by circular motions and long deliveries. There is a rhythmic rising and falling of the head in a wave motion as you move through the form.

ITF tae kwon do video :
Chang Hun forms

ATA and ITA tae kwon do forms

ATA forms.

The ATA used the chang hun forms listed above for many years before introducing the Songham system. Songham forms are protected under US copyright laws.

ITA forms.

ITA use the original 24 chang hun forms of the Oh Do Kwan with no modern variations. The first 12 of these tae kwon do forms, video are accessible through the links above.
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